Wednesday, January 25, 2012

Endocrinology



The endocrinology specialty is that branch of medical science that deals with the study, diagnosis, and treatment of the endocrine glands.

The endocrine glands are the pituitary gland (or pituitary gland), which is considered the mother of all glands gland, located in the base of the brain, with its hormones or Tropin, regulates the functional mechanism of almost all the glands the organism. In short, we say that is the functional unit of all biological phenomena body.
Another gland, the thyroid is very important, with its hormones, or "tyrosine", regulates the metabolism of the whole organism.

Important is the adrenal gland (gland or adrenal cortex), which regulates the body's salt-water metabolism and interferes with the development of adrenal hormones in the sexual sphere and tone the body.

More important are the parathyroid glands, four in number, within the thyroid gland, which regulates the metabolism of calcium and phosphorus in the body.

Endocrine gland in the male is the testis, which in addition to the function of producing sperm, processes the hormones that regulate sexual function and the mechanism of erection. It must be said that testosterone secreted by the testes takes on the tone of the body and prevents the depressive state of the organism.

In women, an important gland Endocrine is the ovary, which regulates the female hormones and ovulatory function for human reproduction. Diseases of the endocrine pancreas (which secretes insulin to prevent diabetes) and breast (gland deputy breastfeeding).
The doctor endocrinologist specialist deals with the study, diagnosis of all abnormalities and diseases of all endocrine glands, it intervenes to correct hormonal imbalances that are the basis of the following alterations.

Hypothalamic-pituitary disease
Thyroid disease
Hyperthyroidism
Hypothyroidism
Hashimoto's thyroiditis
Graves' disease
Diseases of the parathyroid
Adrenal disease
Cushing's Syndrome
Addison's disease
Endocrine Obesity
Diabetes Mellitus
Endocrine hypertension
Polycystic ovary syndrome
Osteoporosis and metabolic bone
Endocrine pancreas

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