Tuesday, June 21, 2011

Kung Fu The Martial Arts

In Chinese kung fu means "adept", "man who wants to follow the success," "human effort" and that's the hard work that, for millennia, features the deep learning the martial art. Japan has taken the name of Kakutei-jutsu,
although sometimes the same term is expressed in the spelling Gong-fu. Kung Fu comes from ancient Chinese fighting art, and because of its high social value is considered the traditional sport of China. The term kung fu is the name that are best known in the West, traditional Chinese martial arts, even if you define the characteristics of more than 400 different schools of style is a very difficult task. Kung Fu is, above all, the collective name that contains within it the myriad of techniques and fighting styles popular in China. Among the most important can be distinguished:

    Chung Kuo Ch'uan (Chinese boxing);
    Ch'uan ago (method of boxing);
    Ch'uan shu (art of boxing);
    Wu Shu (martial art)
    The wu (martial skills).

This form of martial art is famous for films by Bruce Lee in the late '60s represented by a kung fu techniques and movements very similar to Japanese karate and postures that reflect the movement of animals.

The origins

There are a large number of legends about the origin of Chinese martial arts. What we know for sure is that the first artistic representations of people (probably men) posing martial date back to prehistoric times (more than 4000 years ago). Kung Fu was mainly composed of a series of war dances and physical exercises of military preparedness to the period called "spring and autumn" (770 to 476 BC) which arose and developed the great philosophical currents such as Taoism and Chinese Confucianism. In this period martial techniques began to merge with the philosophy and religion to become a subject of study even in the monasteries.

From the wisdom of the ancient kung fu warrior, derived from the teachings of Taoism and the practice of Shaolin-si, for centuries reserved for only the chosen, it gradually became an increasingly wide spread among the civilian population or the other caused the dispersion the masters of a vast territory, causing further fragmentation of knowledge and styles. In mainland China, the discipline of Kung Fu is regulated by the Ministry of Sport and physical education taught by instructors from the Ministry's employees. Despite the inevitable modernization, the Chinese styles are identified, even today, in two large groups:

    Weijia - Styles hard or "external" reactions of muscle training that emphasizes the use of force and speed of gestures. Development of vigorous movements such as kicks and punches.
    Neijia - Styles soft or "internal" training agility and control of abdominal breathing. It is based on the study of inner strength, effectiveness in fighting spirit, the vital points of traditional Chinese medicine. The movements are natural and are performed slowly.

The practice

The effectiveness of the various traditional styles of Kung Fu is revealed to the student only after a long training and constant practice. The fighting techniques, in fact, must be repeated many times until the practitioner will know instinctively react to pressure the opponent. Everything will happen spontaneously in the moment in which time and space take on new meaning. Might seem incomprehensible to Westerners struggled to keep the techniques in "absurd positions," especially when compared with newer combat sports, this is the secret of ancient Eastern martial, only with dedication and patience you will have access to a deeper reality . Kung Fu training, in accordance with the principles of the ancient Chinese medicine, is a great way to achieve the mental and physical balance, in parallel to all the advantages that can make any sport (cardiorespiratory conditioning, elimination of toxins, hormonal balance, benefits for musculo-skeletal system, improving coordination, etc..). The feeling of well being that permeates the body after a successful practice emphasizes aspects of respiratory care and energy that, in the long run, become part of everyday life.

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