Monday, June 20, 2011


Gymnastics The term lends itself to multiple interpretations, and certainly makes us fly with the mind to "platitudes" derived from this ancient period.

Gymnos to begin right from the greek, just imagine the torch from the torch bearer and contested the Olympic Games in Olympia, or the chant of: - Hop, hop, hop - taught by our professor of physical education at school, or even the parade of '30s where he represented the symbol of physical strength of a nation.
All "common places" that trace an idea of ​​Gymnastics imprinted on physicality, or the idea that gymnastics is a complex exercise that sets in motion the body of bones, tendons and muscles.
Exercising means instead of making movement, that is put into action our body, this concept involves not only physical movement, but also education of the mind.

The human being is an inseparable part of every physical and moral and intellectual integrity.

 the main features of the movement are:

    preservation of the body;
    the development of the organism itself, particularly the brain;
    the increase in the amount of information to the brain;
    increase the expressive potential of the individual as: language, culture, mobility, intelligence, motor, motor expression.

Moving means to grow, store more and more new and different information that leads to increase the knowledge of ourselves, the space that surrounds us, the relationship between our body, space and others. ...
In a word: evolution.

No form of education should be partial, so the physical can not be understood only as a simple development and training of the muscles of the body, but must also participate in the formation of character and intellect.

The body is a wonderful tool integrated in all its functions, driven by intelligence and will of the individual, the instrument is not always perfect or developed: we must improve it and then take it to its proper performance. Move is the right way to do gymnastics.

The activities of gymnastics and modern life

The living conditions of individuals in society today are drastically changed in the past. Advances in technology and the widespread use of consumer goods have forced the person to slow down the frequency of physical activity to neglect its importance.
Now, in the towns above 100,000 inhabitants, it spends an average of two hours per person on a public or private means of transportation for commuting and two out of three individuals spend about 7-8 hours sitting in front of a desk or behind a one-stop public house, 3 to 4 hours are used for daily meals and sitting in front of the TV, and finally, we relax on the bed to sleep an average of 6-7 hours per night.
In total we spend "static" about 20 hours of the 24 that make up one day, ie 4 / 5 of the day.

Although the external environment does not help us live in the best way.
The first fact is the alarming level of air pollution. You breathe air polluted by emissions from exhaust pipes of cars. In Italy on average each family has two cars.
The second finding is troubling food pollution. It is now commonly used consumption of convenience foods, frozen foods, fruit and vegetables that contain additives, preservatives and dyes, food habits have affected the body, especially in regard to his immune system.
These changes, due to the lack of some of the elements essential for basic metabolism, have lowered the defenses of the human organism, one of the most obvious causes is the number of allergy and food intolerance that is constantly growing. The breakfasts and fleeting "snacks" are the main culprits for this situation. The individual passively all the situations described above, thus falling into a real disorder that causes the disease of the century: the hypokinesia.

The lack of physical activity: The hypokinesia

The disease manifests itself in an individual hypokinetic sedentary due to lack of exercise, bad habits and the accumulation of psychophysical stress, outlining a subject of asthenic type, hypotonic and, in most cases, overweight.
This disease affects all organ systems and systems of the body weakening them and putting them at risk for age-related pathologies typical of their age (heart disease, respiratory failure, metabolic and hormonal disorders, bone diseases and neuro-psychological).
The muscle-ligament loses its tone, strength and muscular endurance is to reduce the elasticity of muscle and tendon structures. The cardiovascular system is a limited blood supply in all districts of the heart and muscle fatigue due to lack of muscle pump contribution to venous return, with a consequent rise in resting heart rate and the occurrence of tachycardia.

The first symptom in the respiratory tract is reduced vital capacity due to poor stimulation of the lungs and therefore there is an increase in residual volume.
The bone structure is concerned by the reduction in density and a more rapid destruction of cells with the appearance of degenerative phenomena such as osteoporosis.
From the standpoint of endocrine and metabolic has a general slowing of metabolic rate with increased total cholesterol, especially the "LDL" (bad cholesterol) at the expense of the "HDL" (the good one), there is a reduced ability to use glucose, all resulting in an imbalance of body mass (fat and less lean than) the person carrying overweight.
Not least of the neuro-sensory means that the disease hypokinetic change the tone "humoral" the person, making her fall into states of anxiety and depression.

The benefits of exercise

The fitness of an individual is determined by the degree of physiological response of its organic equipment and the ability to adapt to various degrees of training.
The prerequisite for a good degree of fitness is to stimulate the cardiorespiratory system.
The activity of the heart and lungs causes the equipment to which they belong to the muscles and tissues to ensure a blood supply and oxygen always proportional to the effort exerted and for as long as possible, to allow an individual to deal with many situations in which the organism finds during the day.

The element of "aerobic", ie the constant presence of oxygen as a primary energy source for the achievement of health and fitness has led some authors to define this type of training as "aerobic fitness, and cardio-fitness."
The mechanism of "aerobic" allows you to make an effort for a long time and uses fat as a main energy source, which, with the aid of oxygen, producing energy for muscle work, featuring as aerobic exercise (running, cycling, etc..).

The "anaerobic" instead is able to produce more energy with less time, and quickly running out of the presence of oxygen, causing a rapid muscle fatigue that leads to a concentration of lactic acid.
The anaerobic mechanism can work both in the absence of oxygen - anaerobic alactacid - that with the presence of acids produced by the combustion of the same - anaerobic lactic acid.
These two types of energy systems are present in humans when they need immediate availability of energy (lifting a weight up a flight of stairs, etc..) And then the physical capacity that benefits the most is undoubtedly the 'use of muscle power in all its forms.

In fact, the human body does not work in silos and very often the method used to produce energy is a combination of several mechanisms.
In general, however, can be considered aerobic exercise as the best cardiovascular workout for the contribution, while the anaerobic system is more suited to the strengthening of bones, tendons and muscles.
The physiological responses to this type of training produces benefits that help the body to reduce the risk of many diseases such as cardiovascular disease (hypertension, stroke, colesteromia), and to prevent phenomena of overweight such as obesity and psychosomatic illness such as insomnia, stress and anxiety.

Aerobic exercise is used for clinical treatments such as diabetes, psychiatric disorders and the treatment pre-and post-pregnancy.

The benefits from aerobic exercise are:

    reduction of blood pressure with lower heart rate at rest;
    increase in the volume of the heart and cardiac output;
    greater blood flow to the capillaries and muscle tissue with increased total blood volume;
    increase in vital capacity and oxygen consumption;
    decrease in the storage of fat;
    decrease in total cholesterol and an increase of 'HDL ("good cholesterol");
    decreased anxiety, stress and tension;
    reduction of heart disease: myocardial infarction, tachycardia, etc..

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