Wednesday, June 22, 2011

THE BICYCLE AND HISTORY

The bicycle is the first celerifere (1791): it is made entirely of wood, it has neither steering pedals and brakes. The next bike, called Bicicli (1870), has the distinction of having the front wheel bigger than the rear and pedals placed in the center of the front wheel. Subsequently, the bicycle was modified and became the RIDE.


The characteristics of this model are: the wheels of the same size again, the pedals are midway between the wheels, attached to tubes that form the frame, and between the pedals and the rear wheel is a chain that allows the wheel turn back to each pedal stroke and, therefore, to advance in the meantime he had been equipped with a brake that was put in tension by turning the handlebars and did get a "shoe" on the front wheel or rear. Then they have changed in so many ways to modify it as the current one. This model with handlebar steering, brake pedals and a chain is called a bicycle. Over time, then, there have been people who have made changes and special steps that have made the model more and more perfectly and equipped with the latest technology, to the point to take the various forms we see today and which are suitable for different specialties: it is now called the bicycle.


The first prototype bike, celerifere, was presented at the Palais Royal in 1791, but to see the realization of the first "real" bicycle must await the invention of the velocipede, designed and built by the French in 1861 and Ernest Pierre Michaud.

The first race of 1200 meters, competed in the park of Saint Cloud in Paris in 1868, and the winner was an Englishman, James Moore. In this period he began to play in France the first road races and Italy soon welcomed the new sport: in 1870 took place the first important race, the Florence-Pistoia, 33 km, which was won by American Rynner Hestet van, and in the same year he raced the Tour of the ramparts Milan (11 km) won by Giuseppe Pasta in 37 minutes.

Between the end of the century and the beginning of the next half of the new fans all over Europe began to establish associations and clubs, organizing events and competitions that have endured for decades, becoming classics of the sport. Already in the first modern Olympics (Athens 1896) the bike was present with various specialties (women's races had to wait nearly a century, were only introduced in 1984). Arose from this period some of the most famous road racing: one of the stage races the Tour de France (1903), the Giro di Lombardia (1905), the Tour of Italy (1909, organized by the "Gazzetta dello Sport" ), the Tour of Flanders (1913), the Tour of Spain (1935); line between the races in the Liege-Bastogne-Liege (1892, the oldest of the "classic" is still disputed), the Paris-Roubaix and the Paris-Tours (1896), the Milan-Sanremo (1907) and, further on in years, the Fleche Wallonne (1936). Of 1927 is the first edition of the world championship road.
 

Even the latest studies confirm this: the Cycling is a sport for everyone.
Anyone in good health, can ride a bicycle or exercise bike and at least maintain, therefore, with this aerobic exercise in good physical shape.

In the past years was the conviction of more than the bike was a tiring exercise and suitable only for young people.
Recent studies have shown that cycling, as it can be practiced at different stages of difficulty is suitable for everyone from children to seniors, women and men.

His practice as well as being a great exercise that helps burn fat and calories, improves the conditions of the cardiovascular system and increases the strength and endurance.

Ideally, though, do it for at least 20-60 minutes a day and at least 3 times a week to get results and as well as physical exercise is characterized by weight loss.

Besides the possibility to practice outdoor not only benefit the body but also to the psyche by downloading from the stress of sedentary life in the office or in the traffic of the city.
The benefits of cycling, then, compared to other sports are numerous.
opportunity to practice alone or in company
opportunity to practice at any age (subject to medical practice before a competition level)
improvements in cardiovascular
little stress on the joints (unlike, for example the running race)

you can easily burn fat and calories
increase in strength and muscle strength.
opportunity to practice outdoors, so close to nature, or indoors (roller, exercise bike)
Particularly suitable for women to tone the buttocks and firm your legs, and of course the usual discourse of weight loss and physical improvement due to aerobic exercise.

No comments:

Post a Comment